Is Art Created by AI Really Art?

Is Art Created by AI Really Art?

You’ve probably heard that automation is becoming commonplace in more fields of human endeavor. Or, in headline-speak: “Are Robots Coming for Your Job?”

You may also have heard that the last bastions of human exclusivity will probably be creativity and artistic judgment. Robots will be washing our windows long before they start creating masterpieces. Right?

Not necessarily. In reporting a story for CBS Sunday Morning, for example, I recently visited Rutgers University’s Art and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, where Ahmed Elgammal’s team has created artificial-intelligence software that generates beautiful, original paintings.

Software is doing well at composing music, too. At Amper Music, you can specify what kind of music you want based on mood, instrumentation, tempo and duration. You click “Render,” and boom! There’s your original piece, not only composed but also “performed” and “mixed” by AI software.

Amper’s software doesn’t write melodies. It does, however, produce impressive background tracks—that is, mood music. This company is going after stock-music houses, companies that sell ready-to-download music for reality TV shows, Web videos, student movies, and so on.

I found these examples of robotically generated art and music to be polished and appealing. But something kept nagging at me: What happens in a world where effort and scarcity are no longer part of the definition of art?

A mass-produced print of the Mona Lisa is worth less than the actual Leonardo painting. Why? Scarcity—there’s only one of the original. But Amper churns out another professional-quality original piece of music every time you click “Render.” Elgammal’s AI painter can spew out another 1,000 original works of art with every tap of the enter key. It puts us in a weird hybrid world where works of art are unique—every painting is different—but require almost zero human effort to produce. Should anyone pay for these things? And if an artist puts AI masterpieces up for sale, what should the price be?

That’s not just a thought experiment, either. Soon the question “What’s the value of AI artwork and music?” will start impacting flesh-and-blood consumers. It has already, in fact.

Last year the music-streaming service Spotify lured AI researcher François Pachet away from Sony, where he’d been working on AI software that writes music.

Earlier, reporters at the online trade publication Music Business Worldwide discovered something fishy about many of Spotify’s playlists: according to the report, songs within them appeared to be credited to nonexistent composers and bands. These playlists have names like Peaceful Piano and Ambient Chill—exactly the kind of atmospheric, melodyless music AI software is good at.

Is Spotify using software to compose music to avoid paying royalties to human musicians? The New York Times reported that the tracks with pseudonyms have been played 500 million times, which would ordinarily have cost Spotify $3 million in payments.

But Spotify says Pachet was hired to create tools for human composers. And it has flatly denied that the tracks in question were created by “fake” artists to avoid royalties: while posted under the names of pseudonyms, they were written by actual people receiving actual money for work that they own. (It’s still possible Spotify is paying lower royalties to these mysterious music producers.) But the broader issue remains. Why couldn’t Spotify, or any music service, start using AI to generate free music to save itself money? Automation is already on track to displace millions of human taxi drivers, truck drivers and fast-food workers. Why should artists and musicians be exempt from the same economics?

Should there be anything in place—a union, a regulation—to stop that from happening? Or will we always value human-produced art and music more than machine-made stuff? Once we’ve answered those questions, we can tackle the really big one: When an AI-composed song wins the Grammy, who gets the trophy?

The Art of Writing

Writing is something you will have to face at many times in your education. A good writer can be useful beyond your life in school, as in many professions writing is the most necessary skill. If you plan to work in marketing, journalism, or even any type of office work, writing skills are your best ally.

You are probably getting ready to write my essay that count note in some exam. Through this article, we will help you with infallible techniques.

Some Tips to Improve Writing

Planning

Planning what you want to write is the 1st key to developing a good writing. Start some reflections on the topics to discuss and research the concept you will explore. Planning your essay before you begin can help you focus and include all relevant information.

Students can use mind maps to structure writing. The idea is simple. Organize the paragraphs in topics and ideas and arguments in a logical way.

Demonstrate your Knowledge

Writing is a way of showing the reader that you know the answer to the question posed. After the introductory paragraph, you should immerse yourself in the main content of your essay: such as the principles of a theory, the analysis of the literature, the reasons for or against an argument and your opinion -depending on the type of question.

As is the case with many students, you may know the answer, but find it difficult to demonstrate this in a written work or question exam. Avoid rambling and ensuring that you answer the actual question asked. For bonus points, include examples where you can or relevant quotes from experts.

Showing knowledge through writing implies research.

Adapt your Writing Style

One of the main rules of writing is knowing your audience. If you are writing an academic text, your text should be quite formal and impersonal; often the focus is on analyzing and synthesizing information.

Just as writing needs to be tailored to the style of your audience, there are 4 main types of writing you may need to adapt to your writing style: Those are narrative essays, descriptive essays, expository essays, and convincing essays. Once you understand who your audience is and what type of essay is needed, you will know how to present interesting content. Use online tools

Some tools can save your essay. Many times you cannot use them but you can train a lot with them. You might need to search for tools to help you in reviewing academic texts and online dictionaries along with vocabulary, especially synonyms so that there is no repetition of words.

Get Help from a 3rd Party

Getting help from a 3rd party is one of the smartest ways to do it. Let me tell you my experience! When I was asked to write a good essay a year ago, I was totally confused until I met a professional writing service. It helped me to write my essay. And guess what? I totally got my good essay and my graduation also!

Hopefully, by reading this article, you can start applying these tips above, so that you can be better in writing your essay.

How to Choose the Right Art for a Room

No matter how gorgeous the furnishings, a room with bare walls often feels incomplete. “For me, art to a room is like punctuation to a sentence; it is that all-important ingredient and without it a space lacks the layers and attitude that a significant piece can bring,” says designer Tara Bernerd. All of Bernerd’s projects—no matter if it’s a hotel or a beachside villa—are filled with personality pieces of varying styles, shapes, and sizes, and the works can often be found hanging in the same room together. See the masterful mix for yourself in the designer’s new book Tara Bernerd: Place (Rizzoli, $60), written in collaboration with Charlotte and Peter Fiell, which showcases many of the properties she’s transformed over the last fifteen years—including her very own apartment in London. If a flip through the pages leaves you with a strong desire to make over your walls, don’t worry. We tapped Bernerd to get her tips on finding the right art for every room in your home.

Carrier pigion artwork from Geoff Weston's 'Messengers' series in Bernerd's own apartment.

Trust your gut

“Perhaps most importantly, a home should represent its owner, so one shouldn’t be too driven by trends,” says Bernerd. “Something that you are truly attracted to is something that will ultimately stand the test of time. With our hotels, the art reflects the DNA of our clients, such as at SIXTY SoHo in New York with its exclusive Harland Miller collection in each guest room.”

Artwork by Chen Jiagang in the dining room of a Hong Kong penthouse.

Mix and match

“Art doesn’t have to match your room, you can be eclectic,” says Bernerd. “Traditional rooms can take modern art, and modern rooms can take older-style paintings. Often it is better to mix it up.”

The lobby of the Thompson Chicago hotel.

Go slow

“Gallery walls are a great way of working with artworks of different sizes, colors, and styles,” says Bernerd. Her recommendation: plan it in advance, taking as much time as you need. “In order to hang a gallery wall correctly, one must lay it out. It is a considered strategy that must always be carefully thought through.”

*Who Cares Wins* artwork by Harland Miller

Delve deeper

Fallen in love with a piece? Do your research on its history—the process may lead to more works that suit your style. “Once you are attracted to a picture, find out a little more about the artist, values, and background, and learn,” says Bernerd.